Hip Anatomy – The hip is a ball and socket joint.

The aim of this page is to explain a bit more about the Hip Anatomy.

The hip is a ball and socket joint. The socket is deepened by the labrum which forms a lip around its rim. Both the ball and socket are lined with articular cartilage which allows frictionless motion between the two. Arthritis occurs when the cartilage wears.

Picture showing the basic anatomy of the hip

The hip joint is encased in strong ligaments which increases the stability. The iliofemoral ligament is the strongest ligament in the body.

The muscles in the hip also play an important role. They allow the 4 movements of the hips – bend, straighten, moving the leg away from the body and bringing it back towards the body.

The muscles found in the hip joint  are divided into four groups;

  • The anterior muscles – located at the front. (This is where the quads are found) – these muscles flex (bend) the thigh at the hip allowing us to sit down or climb a ladder.
  • The posterior muscles – located at the back. These extend (straighten) the thigh at the hip joint. We rely on strong contractions of this group of muscles to enable us to stand and walk.
  • The adductor muscles – located on the medial (on inside). This set of groin muscles allow us to move our leg towards the body. This set of muscles can easily be overstretched.
  • The abductor muscles – located on lateral (or outside). These muscles allow us to move the leg away from the body , for example when doing the splits.
Hip AnatomyThe muscles in the hip

By far the most important group of muscles are the abductor muscles as these are the main pelvic stabilisers when we walk. When these do not function (as in a tear, or secondary to hip joint problems), the patient develops a limp.

I want to thank Mr. Datta for taking such good care of me during both hip replacement procedures. It was my first major surgery and he helped calm my nerves. Both surgeries were successful and the after care was excellent. I am now completely pain free and able to do things I was not able to do for a number of years.

S Kirby

I must say my overall experience at Spire under Mr Datta was first class and I am very grateful to all involved

Peter L

My care and treatment has been excellent. From my first consultation through to my surgery, I have been kept well informed and have had all the information I’ve needed to ensure the surgery went well and that I make a speedy recovery. I would highly recommend Mr Datta.

Mr King

I had a total knee replacement done and had the best care. Yes did experience a long wait to go to surgery but that's expected in most hospitals. Was in for 3 days and couldn't fault the care, nurses and cleanliness of the hospital. Lovely food. One nurse in particular always managed to make me smile

P Elliott

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