WHAT IS KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS?
The surfaces of the joint are covered with cartilage, which allows low friction movement, and the joint is stabilised with ligaments, tendons and muscles.
As the cartilage is worn aware (as seen in arthritis), the underlying bone becomes exposed, and bony spurs and cysts can form.
CAUSES OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Previous knee injury
Repetitive strain on the knee
Ligament tear and meniscal injury which can affect alignment and promote wear and tear
Genetics which make some people more likely to develop knee osteoarthritis
Problems with subchondral bone (the bone layer underneath cartilage)
Diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis
If more detailed imaging is needed, an MRI may be ordered. Arthroscopic knee surgery is another way to view the condition of the knee.
SYMPTOMS OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Pain (mild, moderate, or severe)
Limited range of motion in the knee
TREATMENT OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Medications , such as paracetamol and non-steroidal anti inflammatories are one way to treat it.
Steroid injections can also be used to reduce inflammation and improve symptoms.
Other ways to manage the symptoms of knee osteoarthritis include: